Bowhunting Mountain Bucks

Are you up to the challenge?

Although it’s been awhile, one deer hunter can still remember how seductive the thought of chasing whitetails with a bow and arrow was as a young boy. The very idea of it consumed him and he often fantasized about loosing himself in some remote corner of a lonely forest. Once there, he would partake in the ultimate chess-match with a wise-old, big-timber buck. His antlers unlike anything the young hunter had ever beheld; dark, heavy, wide and tall. A few clever moves and one well placed arrow was all it would take….and he would forever be his.

Trail Camera

Game cameras can make all the difference when it comes to building your confidence. Due to the terrain, you will most likely not see the buck you shoot prior to actually drawing back on him. Let your camera be your eyes. Hunter shown wearing Lost Camo.

Eventually, he sought to turn that dream into reality. So like any enthusiastic teenager, he began to read and scrutinize everything he could get his hands on pertaining to bowhunting this elusive creature. He wanted to understand the whitetail buck, get inside its head and know what it was thinking before it was even thinking it. He wanted to stand in that lonely forest for real, and watch his arrow as it zipped ominously through the cool autumn air. He wanted nothing more than to fulfill his dream of harvesting a “Mountain Buck”. Now, some 20 years later, he has learned one cold hard truth….be careful what you wish for.

It is truly hard to put into literature exactly what it’s like trying to tag on one of these phantoms. These are various lessons that the deer hunter has learned in the past 20 years while hunting mountain bucks. With any luck, those who’ve never chased whitetails in a mountain setting will be entertained by the deer hunter’s exploits. And those who have, well, you understand that as hard as initial success is to come by, the real challenge is finding a way to achieve it again, and again. Hopefully, somewhere in the midst of the following truisms, you will discover the key to help you do just that.

Bowhunting GearEssential Mountain Buck Gear List

With so many products promising to give you the edge you need, it can be hard figuring out which ones actually deliver on that vow. Adding to the uncertainty, is the back and forth promotion by high pro-file “celebrity” hunters; advocating one item this year and a different one the next. This section isn’t about promotion. It’s about sharing with you the gear hunters deem vital to their success as mountain bowhunters.

Seeing is Not Believing

Unlike most parts of the country, you won’t have the luxury of long-range observations. In fact, the very deer you’re after could pass by as little as 50 yards away and you would be none the wiser. Steep ridges and points, combined with heavy thickets make it hard to get a good look at anything that isn’t setting right in your lap. That can be tough, mentally, for the aspiring big-woods bowhunter.

When you aren’t seeing much action do you stay or do you go? Honestly, the best advice is to utilize as many trail cameras as possible, and get to know your area intimately. Those two factors will give you the confidence to stay on stand even though you haven’t actually seen a buck with your own eyes. Looking back over the bucks the deer hunter taken, each one was shot the very first time he laid eyes on them. Think about that.

Camo Everything

Camo Face Mask

It may not be “in vogue” to put camo on your mug. However in mountain country, bucks will easily spot your moon-pie face unless it is properly covered.  If you dislike head nets, then face paint is the way to go. Also, don’t neglect your hands; they are just as important. Hunter shown wearing Lost Camo.

When a buck walks by your treestand in hill country, he is just as likely to be eye level with you as he is to be 15 feet under you. Mountain Bucks can approach from any direction and finding a way to put them underfoot, every time, is an art hard to master. As a result, it is crucial to pick a camo pattern that merges with the terrain. More importantly, the overall color scheme must match a multitude of conditions. For example, since a buck can look up at you, down at you, and side-hill at you, try to choose a color-tone that blends well with all of those situations. Most tend to favor those camo patterns utilizing a lighter, more natural feel, with browns and grays being the dominant color.

Forget the Wind

Naturally, when you here someone say “just hunt the wind”, you have to laugh because they have no idea what its like to do that in the Eastern mountains. Honestly, when you hang a treestand, wind direction is the last thing you consider. And you never climb out of a treestand if it suddenly shifts directions. If you did, you would spend very little time actually deer hunting. As mentioned earlier, bucks can come at you from any direction. Setting up with a favorable wind to cover all of the possibilities is next to impossible.

Lost CamoGood Camo

“Good” means a pattern that’s effective when viewed from a variety of angles; not just straight up. As mentioned earlier, if a buck notices you, he will likely be looking downhill or at you from the side. Sometimes he may be very close to eye-level. Consequently, not only must you blend with the very tree you’re hiding in, but the ground behind you as well. That may sound odd, especially to a flatlander, but much of the terrain is such that you’re really only above an approaching deer’s line of sight on one side of the tree.

Of those patterns the mountain hunter has tried, he has found that Lost Camo best matches most of the conditions he finds himself in. With its neutral color tones, made up of light browns and grays, he can disappear in a tree or on the ground at the same time….which is exactly what you need to do. Check out the latest offering, Lost Camo, at

Sure, you can easily hunt atop the main ridges where the wind is constant; but many have played that game. They have found that wise old bucks often avoid such easily accessed areas like the plague because most hunting pressure originates there. Therefore, if you are going to hunt where the deer are, you have to hunt where the crowds are few and the wind most often swirls.

Now before you write this deer hunter off as crazy, he does have a plan. It is simply a matter of suppressing your human scent to the point that you are no longer perceived as a threat.

The Kiss of Death

Waiting until the pre-season to do your scouting is worthless. There are no food plots to monitor from afar, therefore piecing together an early season travel pattern is impractical. Not only will scouting at this time put most mature bucks on high alert, but it will also deceive you because you will be hanging treestands based on information that is going to change in a few short weeks. For example, when natural cover and food sources change so will travel patterns. Scouting in the post-season will allow you to gather the most pertinent information regarding treestand placement.

Does are Key

Scentblocker Spray

Although you may have seen a television hunter or two get busted while wearing charcoal impregnated clothing, don’t doubt the effectiveness of such garments.  Watch closely, most of these celebrity hunters can be seen wearing their hunting clothes in the lodge during morning breakfast, in the truck heading to the stand, and even into town to pick up supplies. While that may satisfy the advertising exec’s it greatly diminishes the overall effectiveness of the suit. Hunter shown wearing Lost Camo.

For years deer hunters have tried to fit a square peg in a round hole. What that means, is that they would read the latest “how-to” strategy in a hunting book or some other means of informative literature or media and then immediately try it out for themselves. The only problem was that many of techniques people read about were written by guys that had never hunted in a mountain setting. To their credit the theories and tactics are convincing and valid, but they did little to help you fill more tags. The problem was that there were too many variables. You see, in the places mountaineers hunt, there are no well defined bedding or feeding areas. Deer come and go mostly at random because their choices in both are almost limitless.

Oak trees don’t produce acorns year after year, and deciphering which heavy thicket is being used on the day you plan to hunt can be a nightmare; to say the least. It took a long time, but one hunter finally decided to build his strategies around the one universal truth regarding whitetail bucks….the desire to breed. Once he started concentrating on that, his success rate increased as well as his shot opportunities.

The Inevitable

One thing you can count on is bumping deer on the way to your treestand. No matter how hard you try to ensure that your entry and exit routes are as low-key as possible, you still seem to run into deer when traveling to and fro. Some deer hunters used to think that the encounters were simply a result of haphazard bedding and feeding locations. Unfortunately, most hunters have no idea what to do about it. Then guys started to understand that most of these locations (if viewed from above) were spread out very similar to a shotgun pattern. Meaning, the closer you get to the center, the more concentrated things become. As it turned out, the “fringes” of the shotgun pattern was where one hunter was experiencing most of his encounters. Lucky for him, he wasn’t venturing close enough to the “center” of the pattern to completely blow his setups.

If your hunting big-timber and you find yourself frequently bumping deer, you might want to rethink your treestand location. Chances are probably good you’re closer to the center than you think. Initially, hunt the outside perimeter of the pattern until you feel it is time to move closer. This will usually be around the time breeding has begun; after the chase phase has ended.

Hunting ATV

Transporting your bow in and out of big-timber can be risky when employing an ATV to reach your destination. To insure your rig is adequately protected, choose a quality case that will shelter your bow from dust and debris during the ride in and out. Shown here is a portable bow case from Blacks Creek. It easily attaches to your ATV for safe transport.

Conditioning Means Everything

Forget about hunting elk out west. If you’re not in shape when you hit the mountains of the East, you’re going to suffer. The bottom line is this. If you are out of shape you’re not going to go into the nasty places that gnarly mountain bucks like to hang out. What you are going to do is settle for the easy to get to spots that the majority of guys gravitate toward. The deer know this and therefore steer clear of those places for much of their daily travels. Get in shape and you will go where the deer are instead of where you wish they were.

Treestand Height Means Nothing

So many deer hunters are under the illusion that treestands have to be hung 15 feet off the ground in order to avoid detection. Bologna! Try that in the East and you will be 30 feet off the ground on one side of the tree and 15 on the other. That situation virtually eliminates half of your shooting area, so forget about setting your treestand a certain height. Instead, concentrate on your background, your camo, and any natural funnels that will diminish approaching deer’s ability to locate you before the shot occurs. Get down on the ground and walk past your stand from all directions. Look up at it, like a buck would, and you will quickly see what he will see. Next, adjust your height and/or which side of the tree to place your stand based on this information. You will see that higher is usually not better due to fluctuations in the terrain. Most hunters drop deer from less than 12 feet off the ground.

ScentBlocker BagScent Suppression System

As alluded to earlier, the mountain bowhunter must take his scent control measures to the extreme. Forget what the rules of the mid-west say. If you’re going to hunt where the majority of Goliath mountain bucks hang out, you’re going to encounter swirling winds. You see in hill country, the locations that hold steady wind currents are usually flat, easy to get to…..and beset with bowhunters. One hunter accepted this fact long ago and decided that unless he found a way to make deer think he was further away than he actually was, he wasn’t going to be very successful.

One hunter reflects upon his own experiences.

“Luckily, that was about the same time that Robinson Outdoors introduced a new item that promised to hide your scent from the nose of wary whitetails. From day one I noticed a difference while wearing their ScentBlocker carbon suit. Each year it has gotten better, my overall scent suppression system has gotten better, and most importantly, my success rate has vastly improved. For 2010, ScentBlocker introduces their greatest technology yet….“Cold Fusion”. It is with out a doubt the most technically advanced carbon fabric to date. It also promises to put to rest any doubts regarding the effectiveness or regeneration of carbon garments.”

For more info on this and a multitude of scent suppressing products go to Scentblocker’s Website.

Hunting Ugly

Some hunters to try and “will” deer to move through a certain area simply because it looks like all of the picturesque places seen on T.V. and in hunting magazines. They innocently think that is where the majority of bucks are killed; maybe so. That’s why “hunting ugly” is a pretty good motto to live by. After all, that is where the vast majority of eastern giants like to spend their time. Only during the chasing phase will they be somewhat more visible outside of the dreadful places they normally call home. Don’t expect a picture perfect setting. Those are few and far between and routinely hold the least amount of deer in hill country.

They Notice Everything

Climbing Treestand

When choosing a climbing treestand you should opt for the lightest model you can afford. If you must sacrifice something, overall weight should be last on the list. Going light will offer more mobility and won’t impede your desire to hunt rough terrain. Hunter shown wearing Lost Camo.

Because of the remoteness, wilderness deer simply aren’t accustomed to human interaction and therefore become extremely sensitive to our intrusion no matter how slight it may be. When they do encounter an individual it usually signifies an attempt on their life. This conditions most of the deer (especially older class bucks) to avoid locations that are routinely occupied. For example, access roads, easy to reach treestand locations, and most open timber are rarely visited during daylight hours; simply because deer know these areas harbor the most activity and can be detrimental to their wellbeing.

On top of this, the effects of poaching also come into play. Again, the isolation of big-timber lends itself to this illegal practice. This pathetic excuse for sportsmanship is evident in a good number of deer harvested each year. This harsh reality is only mentioned because it is important to understand that for a mountain buck, there is really no such thing as a “non-threatening” encounter.

Most Sign is Useless

Hunters have spent many long hours overlooking “hot” deer scrapes, only to go home dejected and empty handed. Buck rub lines, while informative in their own way, have yielded mostly the same results. For the most part, the majority of big-woods sign plays a very small role in the overall scheme of things. Understanding the lay of the land and how deer use it (funnels are key) will bring about more success than any scrape or rub-line strategy ever could. When you take the “topography” approach remember this, start by eliminating areas the deer are least likely to travel through. This will make the task of finding the likely travel routes much easier.

Expect the Unexpected

You don’t have to actually loose an arrow in mountain country to experience some excitement. Expect the unexpected. It could be a protective Black Bear with cubs in the pre-dawn darkness, an inconspicuous crack in the earth (mine break) under a innocent pile of leaves, or a treacherous ATV ride that somehow gets a little to crazy; sending your high dollar means of transportation rolling down a rock-strewn hillside. Make no mistake, the mountains are tough, the hunting is tough, the animals are tough, and getting there and back is tough; but that’s not the hardest part.

The Real Work

Without a doubt, the real work doesn’t start until your buck hits the ground. To make things easier you need a plan when it comes to retrieving your game. You’ve got two choices….uphill or downhill. Downhill, well, that one isn’t so bad depending on where your transportation is. On the other hand, “uphill” is going to make you work like you’ve never worked before. Forget about rolling out your ineffective “deer cart on wheels” and whisking away your trophy. Strip down to your base-layers and get ready for some lung busting, leg burning, crawling, grabbing, spitting and dragging. This is an important aspect of the hunt and should be well thought out beforehand. It is also a top reason the majority of deer hunters stay “close to the road”.

BowDependable Bow

If you think this is the part where you are told what the best bow on the market is…you’re wrong. Well, almost.. When it comes to bowhunting, you probably understand that if you’re not confident in your bow, no matter what brand you choose, it can greatly influence you’re ability to perform at your best. Chasing mountain bucks demands you select a rig that’s dependable. Unsympathetic ATV rides over steep, rocky terrain, will test any bow systems ruggedness. Not to mention clawing your way up and down thicket-choked hillsides for days on end.

Overall the Mathews line of bows fits the popular on-the-move hunting style the best. Through the years they’ve proven to be fast, quiet, accurate and more importantly, dependable. One mountain hunter hunter has yet (knock on wood) to experience a malfunction in performance; despite subjecting them to some pretty harsh conditions. Check out what many are calling their best hunting bow ever at

Elevate It


Don’t neglect the little things that make bowhunting so special. The magnificent colors of October, watching the sun rise over frost-covered leaves in mid November, or a late December snow fall, all make for truly memorable moments. Good times don’t always involve large antlers on the ground. Hunter shown wearing Lost Camo.

There is nothing simple about taking a shot at a whitetail in mountain country. The slopes are steep and the angle to your target changes with every step the deer takes. If you spend the summer months in the front lawn, standing upright in your flip-flops and shorts preparing for this type of shooting situation, you are going to have problems hitting what you aim at. Hang a treestand in the backyard and take every pre-season shot from it. Practicing exactly how you plan to hunt is the only way to prepare for the real thing.

What Matters Most

This is perhaps one of the most important points to consider. However, it doesn’t involve locating a funnel, a preferred bedding thicket, or the perfect tree from which to hang your stand. What it does entail is never loosing sight of why you got started in this joyous sport in the first place. It’s about taking the time to appreciate and enjoy all of God’s creations when you are in the timber. Why? Because pursuing mountain bucks will humble you like nothing else and if you base your success or failure on what waits for you at the end of the deer’s blood trail….you will find little solace. There are blessings all around if you stop and look.


The coolest thing about all of this is that we have merely scratched the surface. Certainly, the mountain buck has much more to teach veteran hunters, and they are his humble pupil. Make no mistake though; The hunter first described is still that same small kid that fantasizes about a lonely forest, watching his arrow zip ominously through the cool autumn air…..still learning from each new attempt at fulfilling my dream of harvesting a “Mountain Buck”.


  1. Duke Turnage, Primos says:

    I have to say I've never read an article that explained big woods hill country bowhunting like you have Steve. It took me years to learn these facts. I'm still learning. The statement that hit home……hunt the terrain first, then the signs. Many fruitless hours have been spent hunting great buck sign on a ridge or hollow. Thanks again for a great article. Many better known writers are clueless.

    • Roger Price says:

      I live and grew up in southern wv and we haven’t had a gun season in 50 years…The population got very low in these 4 southern counties and bowhunting only regulations were put in place as well as a comprehensive deer restocking program,the source deer in these programs were Kentucky,Ohio,,Iowa,Michigan,and some other big buck states but this is why I believe we have some of the finest bowhunting in the country,its not uncommon to see buck on trail cams that exceed the 170 mark and a few in the 200 inch range pop up every year..I loved this article and will say if you can hunt them successfully here you can do it anywhere…Roger Price

  2. Mountian Buck Chaser says:

    Best article about hunting the mountains I have found. I live in West Virginia and we prob have more mountains than anyone else, but I wouldn't trade theese ol' smart mountain bucks for nothin.

  3. KYLE HAKE says:

    I have been looking for at least a year for an article on Hunting Moutain Bucks.This article explains what i endure on a yearly basis.No Food Plots-No Private Grounds and No Farmers Fields,just you and a couple thousand acres of State Game Lands or State Forest!This is all i know and would not have it ANY OTHER WAY.

    Posted by Pennsylvania Baron Man on 2/27/2013 2:30 p.m

  4. VaBowHntr says:

    Great article on Mountain Hunting

  5. swampyankee says:

    Very thorough article, top notch. I've been a successful mountain buck hunter for many years.

    With respect on hunting favorable land features: It's been my experiences in the mountains of Maine and now the mountains of North and South Carolina, that the highest hunting value is when both "features and sign" come together.

    What you wrote about hunting buck sign in absence of favorable land features rings true. I like to describe sign found in absence of favorable features as "fools gold" since it rarely pans out.

  6. TheManFromCanaan says:

    I grew up on a farm 25 minutes from Blackwater Falls, WV. My first bow shot I ever took was at age 12, at a black bear 25-30 yards away standing on the ground(Dad was behind me protectively holding his .270) This article is absolutely right EXPECT THE UNEXPECTED! Btw missed the shot (nerves, like i said i was 12) bear ran away, Dad and I went home but I had the best story for school Monday morning.

  7. Jason Lehman says:

    Wow! This article hit it right on the nose. I live in north central PA, and hunting these mountains is hard. The secret is hunting the edges of mountain laurel on the down hill side!

  8. Drawdown says:

    In all my years of reading deer hunting tactics, I wouldn’t need all the fingers of one hand, to count the articles that told the facts of hunting big mountain bucks! In fact most all the info back in the early 80’s when I first started, did nothing but confuse me, until the truth in this article finally came to light. I hunt the biggest appalachian mountains in Ky here in the southeastern part of the state, and this article is right on. Great article!

  9. allen watts says:

    to start I live in north east Alabama and all the hunting here is mountains. when I say you hit the nail on the head I mean it. hunting in the mountains are not easy. I have gone all season with out seeing a buck before. but to tell the truth I much rather hunt here then out west because I think it would get old seeing so many deer. the whole reason I love hunting is because it gives me a rush seeing anything and I feel that would go away if I saw 20 to 30 deer a day. and on your point about a Mathews bow I have the Mathews heli-m bow and I have to say I love it but the vibration on it will loosen my sites and the string stop and I have to constantly tighten them other then that though I love it.

  10. I always cuckle when magazines and the experts use phrases like hunt the wind, avoid bedding area, and they even try and draw pictures showing you how to set up for a successful hunt. You can’t draw for a successful hunt here in east ky. Deer dont have it laid out all perfect food plot here, bedding area there, patch of woods to travel there. They can be anywhere, bed anywhere and feed anywhere. I always like to look for oak flats, benches, or if it’s not dry still hunt the top ridges and look over. Thanks for article

  11. Michael Sendling says:

    I am new to bowhunting and live in West Virginia and this article helped to simplify alot of things for me .

  12. Great article with great advice in hunting mountain bucks. The well traveled access roads and easy to reach treestand locations are definitely places gnarly bucks rarely visit during daylight hours. You may get them on camera during the day in October but once late October to early November roll around those pictures will be mostly at night. My best luck has come in low gaps where several ridges meet or in highly traveled benches just below the ridge tops where two ridges meet. The author’s advice about the wind is so true; It changes frequently. Its hard to plan stand placement based on wind direction. The part about retrieving your game is definitely something to take into consideration. The mountains of Eastern Ky can humble you quickly, even if you are in shape.
    I would love to see more article like this.

  13. Dixiedawg80 says:

    Absolutely one of the best articles written on hunting eastern mountain bucks. I hunt the southern appalachian mountains in north western North Carolina and this describes us and our hunting perfectly. Thanks a ton!

  14. great article i’m 52 and have been hunting the mountains of va. since i was 7.i still learn something new every year

  15. DAVID DONAHUE says:

    Great Post. I hunt in Southern WV as well. I grew up in Logan County to be exact. And this article speaks the truth on all levels. Steep harsh terrain, very unforgiving. But there are some giant whitetails back home. Great read and very informative.

    David Donahue

  16. Vermonster says:

    Best article about the subject I have ever had the pleasure of reading. Vermont has so many variables, there is no one game plan. We have such varied landscape – dairy/ hay and agriculture farms, bogs/ beaver meadows, river/ lake settings, logging areas, hardwoods and steeps that you could fill a volume of hunting books about just one county. Your articulation in this article couldn’t have said it any better. Years worth of sage advice.
    Thanks Steve

  17. Where do you guys put your mineral licks? Tops of ridges? Benches?

  18. We got our first whitetail with a bow this year.
    Have gotten many over the years with a rifle, but never a bow.
    You can check it out here:
    link to

  19. I consider my self very lucky to have grew up hunting the mountains of south West Virginia. This article speaks volumes about hunting a buck little lone a mature one in the mountains. Mid westerners have no idea how fortunate they have it when it comes to deer hunting. Personally I wouldn’t have it any other way,getting to see the sun wake up the world,seeing the woods come to life is the drive for me. Killing a good buck is very rewarding but also very humbling.


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