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HotMocs | The Cure For Cold Feet While Hunting

by Justin Zarr 23. November 2011 10:55
Justin Zarr

One of the primary keys to a successful hunt is often the ability to both sit in your stand for long periods of time, and stay as motionless as possible.  As I've found out over the years, both of those things are very difficult to do when you've got cold feet.  That is, until I discovered HotMocs.

My first introduction to the HotMocs product was back in '07 or '08 when they were called "ThermalFeet".  Being a person who seemingly gets cold feet even in mild temperatures they immediately peaked my interest.  After a quick look at the product I decided to give it a try.  My feet have been thanking me ever since!

The premise behind this great product is that it's a small, light-weight, easy to use boot cover that holds a disposable handwarmer on the top of your foot to keep it warm.  By placing the warmer on the top of your foot you keep heat directly over the arteries and veins that supply blood to the rest of your foot.  This essentially keeps your entire foot warm while on your stand.

I know it sounds a little crazy, but I'm telling you it works!  I've worn these in temps well into the teens and my feet have been toasty the entire hunt.  This coming from a guy who is notorious for getting cold feet.

There are several reasons that I prefer the HotMocs product over other methods of keeping your feet warm while on stand, the first of which is their size.  I know quite a few people who lug those large, bulky insulated boot covers with them and not one of them is ever happy about doing it.  These days it seems like we're all carrying more and more gear to our stands with us, and those big covers certainly don't help anything. 

HotMocs are small enough to literally fit right into your pocket if you wanted to.  They even come with a small carrying pouch to place them in when they're not being worn.

The second reason I like them is that they are extremely quiet.  Unlike a lot of the big boot covers which are made from a noisey nylon material, HotMocs are made from ultra-quiet fleece.  You can slip them on and off while in your stand with little to no noise, and you don't have to worry about the sound of them rubbing together on accident.

If you're interested in learning more about HotMocs check them out online at

One tip I can give you is that for really cold days, or extended sits, try using the larger body-sized handwarmers.  They are hotter and last longer, and really help keep your feet nice and toasty.  I was wearing my HotMocs last year when I shot my buck on November 15th and again this year when I shot my buck on November 20th.  Nothing makes shooting a buck more enjoyable than having warm feet when you do it!

For the proof that I've actually been using this product for years check out this Blog from December 2008!

Dressing for a Cold Weather Hunt

by Josh Fletcher 14. November 2011 10:42
Josh Fletcher

As the rut heats up, the temperature begins to drop, and if you get cold you won’t sit long causing you to miss out on valuable time in the tree stand. A good family friend has been preaching to our deer camp members that you can’t kill deer sitting back at camp. To be able to sit long hours under cold temperatures requires a specific layering system.
The system that I describe below is tried and true. There are no gimmicks or one product by itself. The layering system requires specific layers that serve specific purposes, however when used together the layers work like a team to keep you in the stand longer under extreme temperatures.

Extreme weather calls for proper layering, or your hunt will come to a quick halt

Base Layer

To start with, the base layer is your most important layer to your body’s cold weather system. The base layer will mean the difference between a long and comfortable sit or a really short and cold sit. If you get sweated up while walking into your stand it’s up to the base layer to pull you through the cold weather wait.

Cotton may be a comfortable fabric for lounging around the house; however it spells disaster for a cold weather sit. The reason is that cotton absorbs sweat and moisture very well, however traps it and does not allow the moisture to evaporate quickly, leaving a wet fabric against your skin. Wet clothing then means a short sit when the temperatures drop. In short, avoid any base layer that has cotton as its main fabric.

Some people prefer to wear a form fitting base layer, to allow the base layer to grab perspiration and wick away moisture in locations of your body that a loose fitting shirt normally would not have full contact with.

The best fabrics for your base layer are polyester and merino wool. When reading the tags on your long underwear you will want polyester or a polyester/ wool blend. The polyester wicks sweat from your body and quickly evaporates the moisture leaving your body dry. I prefer my base layer to be a mock turtle neck or a full turtle neck.
Pocket Layer

The pocket layer can consist of any type of shirt that has chest pockets, as long as it is not made of cotton. If you perspire heavily while heading to your stand you will run the risk of having moisture bleed through your base layer and absorbed by your pocket layer.

The pocket layer often consists of polyester, but it should have chest pockets. The purpose of this layer is to hold commercial air activated hand and body warmers. By placing hand warmers in your pockets of your pocket layer allows the hand warmers to be added to the heat created by your body. Another location to place the adhesive warmers is the area of your kidneys. The weight of your pocket layer shirt will depend on the weather conditions you will be facing.

It is not recommended to wear any garments with hoods except for your outer layer. The reason is that the hood sticks out over your outer layer, if it gets wet from either rain or snow, it will cause the moisture to be wicked by the fabric and be pulled into your inner layer holding the moisture against the back of your neck.

Insulating Layer

The insulating layer is the clothing layer that will hold the warmth created by your body heat and the added warmth from the hand warmers. The fabric of choice is wool.  Wool has been used by old time hunters from the 1800’s. Wool also retains heat even if wet. I personally prefer this layer to be a vest. I prefer vests because they free up my arms from bulk after dressing in several layers, making it easier to pull back my bow and decreases the bulk of fabric on my arms to cause string interference with my bow.
Wind Proof Layer

Wool and other high quality fabrics work great at holding in body temperature, however as the wind blows through your insulating layer, it will rob you of your precious and important body heat. This layer consists of a special wind blocking fabric that is designed for stopping heat robbing wind from your insulating layer. Products that work great for this layer can be WindBlocker by Scent Blocker, GORE-TEX, or other breathable water proof fabrics.

Outer Layer

This is your last layer; you will want this layer to be a quiet fabric. The reason being is that most wind proof fabrics have a tendency to be a little noisy. This has to do with the materials used to stop the wind. Your outer layer will cover and dampen the sound made by the wind proof layer. I prefer a heavy fleece jacket. For years I also used wool as my outer layer, both work great for added insulation. Your outer layer should be a good insulating layer to catch any heat that may escape from your other layers.

Pant Layering

I placed how you layer for pants in a category of its own, because how you layer with your pants will depend on your hunting situation and weather conditions.

First with pant layering you will want to start with a base layer just like your top. You will again want to use a fabric for long underwear consisting of polyester or a polyester/ merino wool blend. Also just like the top you want this layer for its moisture wicking capabilities along with added heat insulation.

For crisp cold days with minimal snow depth or no rain, I wear a polyester blend pant. The thickness of the pant will depend on the outside temperature. For extremely cold days I will often wear a wool pant instead of polyester.

The outer layer will consist of a heavy fleece or wool, for warmth and quietness of walking to and from your stand.

As you noticed there is no wind proof layer involved unless there is a special weather condition. The reason for this is when you are walking to your stand wearing a water proof or wind proof pant you will begin to sweat and accumulate moisture. The only time that I will utilize a wind proof or water proof pant, is when I am walking through deep snow, extremely windy conditions, or rain. It is recommended that if you have a long walk to your stand, pack in your wind proof layer and put it on when you get to your stand to avoid accumulating extra moisture.

Another trick that I have learned to deal with mild depth of snow to avoid carrying a wind proof layer is to utilize snow gators. These are a shin high water proof fabric that covers the top of your boots and shins. This helps to keep your pant legs dry during the walk in to your stand.

You get what you pay for is the "golden rule" when it comes to a quality pair of hunting boots

Foot Layers

A complete cold weather set up doesn’t just end with your body. Your feet are just as important. If your feet get cold, you will be packing it in for the day very soon.

To start with you will want a good pair of socks as your base layer, just like the base layer for your body you will want them to wick moisture from your feet. If you have a problem with extra perspiration on your feet, it is also recommended to powder your feet with a moisture absorbent foot powder.

The next layer for your feet is a high quality pair of wool socks. Just like your body this is also your insulating layer to hold the heat from your foot. I also recommend using commercial toe warmers to help produce more heat to be held in by your hunting boots for extreme cold weather sits.

Your boots are the most important item for your feet and your whole body. This is an item that you don’t want to skimp on warmth or quality. A good high quality pair of hunting boots will keep your feet warm and dry, and will last you for years. I once owned pair of high quality pack boots for twelve years before replacing them.
You are better off paying more for a good quality pair of boots than skimping and buying boots to get you by. Often cheaper boots won’t last as long as a good quality pair, causing you to buy more boots and paying more for several pair of less quality foot wear than if you just purchased a good quality pair from the start.

I recommend a good quality pair of pack boots for cold weather hunts. Also keep in mind when looking for boots that just because they are rated for -25 degrees does not mean they will keep your feet warm down to -25 degrees. You will want to select a hunting boot that is designed for the type of extreme temperature that you are likely to encounter on your hunt.

You will also want to make sure that your hunting boots are 100% water proof with no exceptions. If your feet get wet, you’re done hunting. It’s that simple. Long story made short when selecting hunting boots, get the best quality hunting boot that you can afford, this is one part of the cold weather system you don’t want to skimp on.


I personally prefer to wear thinner glove used with a hand warmer muff. A hand warmer muff has a waist strap and attaches at your waist. With openings at each end you can keep your hands warm without added bulk and loss of finger dexterity for handling your bow and other items.

If you decide not to use a hand warmer muff, you will want to use mittens instead of gloves. Mittens keep your fingers warmer because they are allowed to share heat produced by each finger, versus gloves separate your fingers allowing only the heat produced by each finger to keep that particular finger warm. Basically mittens work on the concept of warmth in numbers.


Like your feet this is another layer that you don’t want to skimp on. Majority of your body heat is lost from the top of your head. Use a thick high quality hat that covers your ears down to your neck. Also like your base layer you don’t want to use any hat made of cotton. You want to keep your head warm and dry.

A good quality warm hat is a must for a cold weather hunt

Neck Gaiter

Once you use a neck gaiter during a cold weather hunt, you won’t leave home without one. Select a good neck gaiter that obviously covers your neck but also is able to be pulled up over your nose and mouth without exposing your neck. The purpose of this is to reflect the heat given off by your breath to keep your face and neck warm.

Back Pack

With your cold weather system you’re designed to stay stationary for long periods of time. You won’t be able to walk a considerable distance without getting sweated up while wearing your cold weather system. For that reason you will want a good quiet back pack to allow you to pack in your cloths.
I usually walk into the stand wearing just my base layer and pocket layer, if it is extremely cold out I will also walk in with my wool insulating layer. The rest of the layers go into your back pack. You never want to walk into your stand wearing your wind proof layer. The reason being, these layers are designed to stop wind cutting down on the clothing’s ability to breathe. By wearing this layer while walking you will often accumulate moisture from the wind proof layer.
The key to the back pack is to pack in your layers to be put on once at the stand, because you want to avoid getting heavily sweated up for your cold weather sits.


The key to dressing for extreme temperatures is to utilize layers. Like assembly line workers, each layer has a special purpose and design. However to keep you warm under cold temperatures each layer needs to perform its job and work together as a team to maximize and retain your core body’s heat. The key is to prevent the loss of as much body heat as you can. Several thinner layers will help hold in more body temperature than two heavy bulky layers. Use special layers for maximized warmth this year, because after all you can’t kill deer sitting back at camp.

Bitter Cold Requires Better Hunting Gear

by Brenda Potts 26. January 2011 08:17
Brenda Potts

From downright miserable to almost intolerable, those final, bitter cold days of the hunting season can be difficult if the weather takes a turn for the worse, which it often does.  Yet this time of year can offer some of your best bowhunting action, especially for big bucks back on feeding patterns after the rut.  Here are some tips and gear to keep you in the field longer when the temperature plummets.

1. HoMocs are by far the number one item on my list of apparel accessories. Each garment features patented pocket placement for optimum utilization of those air activated heat packs. From Balaclavas, Neck Gators, Scarves, Beanies and Boot Covers, the HotMocs brand of products make the most of the heat source.  It is hard for me to choose a favorite piece in the line-up. How many times have you placed a Hot Hand or similar product on the back of your neck only to have it slip out of position whenever you move?  HotMocs solve this problem by keeping the heat  right where you want it. The over-the-boot design of the boot covers help focus heat on your toe area which is the first portion of your feet to get cold. The added warmth aids with circulation, helping keep your feet warmer.

2. For the hunting females in our audience, the SHE C4 System is unbeatable in my opinion. Start with the pants and vest that feature a patented zipper attachment system that joins the two into a super set of bibs.  You can unzip the pants from the vest without ever taking off your jacket, and re-zip them back together again easily in the field. They can be worn separately as a pant and vest or zipped together to form the bibs. The jacket has many features conducive to bowhunting, including a small opening in the back for the safety harness strap. It is warm, waterproof, windproof, quiet and fitted for the female form without the bulk.

3. Hunter's Specialties entered the scent control garment industry with an excellent product called Scent-A-Way Tek 4. It uses state-of-the-art silver technology to permanently control odor caused by bacteria. Human odor is actually the smell emitting from the waste excreted by bacteria living on your body. In cold weather, you may make the mistake of dressing too warmly for walking into and out of your stand, thereby getting sweaty, a condition in which bacteria thrive. Even though you are bundled up under layers of clothing unwanted scent can still escape, which is why winter time odor control is important. Tek 4 garments are engineered to provide permanent moisture management incorporating "catch, move and release" technology, which traps moisture and moves it away from your body. It can then be treated by the silver and evaporated away. This has the added benefit of keeping the hunter dry and comfortable in various weather conditions. Silver is also one of the most thermally conductive elements on the planet, optimizing body temperature control.

4. Here's a secret for buying apparel, sleeping bags etc. Look at the seams. You do not want the stitching on the outside and the inside to meet, creating a cold spot. Garments without baffled seams are sewn through the layers, which can allow cold air to enter. It may not seem like much, but in bitter cold it can make a huge difference.

5. Any uncovered area will lose body heat in cold weather. It is important to wear a hat in cold weather to prevent loss of body heat. Your body will act to protect your brain, withdrawing blood from extremities in the event that you are without a hat in cold weather. A wool blend hat with itch-free fleece lining that completely covers the head and ears, combined with a jacket with a hood are among your best options. But this combo does tend to muffle our hearing and field of view, therefore  perpetuating many a bowhunter's notorious habit for lack of proper head gear. Use your head, literally, to stay warm.

Think Cold While it's Hot... Get Toasty Feet!

by Dustin DeCroo 17. July 2010 11:08
Dustin DeCroo

As the temperatures blaze into the 100's in Oklahoma, I can't help but think of the cool autumn days or even the extremely cold late season days that are on the way.  I've been fortunate and haven't really suffered from "cold feet” (literally or figuratively) my whole life.  There have been a handful of days in the last eight seasons where I did leave the stand earlier than I had planned because my feet were cold.  Thanks to Toasty Feet, these days will hopefully be few and far between.

Toasty Feet is an insole that is designed to keep your feet warm on even the coldest of days.  According to Toasty Feet, the insoles use a nanoporous material that was designed for NASA and has the highest thermal insulation value of any solid material on the planet.  I’m not sure if they’re used in NASA’s 2010 moon boots or not, but what I do know is that this is a product that works!

I had the opportunity to use Toasty Feet on the last hunt of the Oklahoma bow season in January.  The temperatures were in the single digits.  I had installed Toasty Feet into my LaCrosse Burly wool insulated boots as I had to cross a creek to get to my stand.  I sat all morning with my toes in extreme comfort, I kept waiting for them to get cold but to my surprise they never did.

Toasty Feet come in a “one size fits all” pattern and then you trim the insoles to fit your boot by using the original insoles as a pattern.

I highly recommend this product to anyone that is interested in having warm feet on a cold weather sit.

Toasty feet come in a variety of models including extra cushion and extra arch support.  Check them out in's shopping cart by clicking here.

Whitetail deer shed antler update.

by Scott Abbott 30. December 2008 16:42
Scott Abbott

Well, I know it is early still.... but no shed junky can't say he isn't excited to get the shedding underway! 

I don't have any big news to report yet, only these couple photos to follow.  Well it's a start anyways!

These photos were taken with the Moultrie D40.  It offers excellent performance for the $99 price tag, the battery life was outstanding even in the single digits temps we have had lately.




Hunting Late Season Food Sources

by John Mueller 22. December 2008 12:56
John Mueller

Hunting late season food sources can be very rewarding and also very frustrating at times. The deer have been hunted for months and are extremely wary about coming out in the open during daylight at this time of year. A lot of times they won’t show up until right at dark.


It’s also very easy for them to spot the hunters in the trees this time of year. All of the leaves are off the trees and there is no cover left for the hunter. With it being extra cold this year we tend to move around a lot on stand and the deer pick up this movement. Next thing you know you’re BUSTED and a snort and waving tails is all that’s left.


I have also been caught sneaking into my stands this year. The deer tend to bed close to their food source in the late season. This conserves energy by not having to travel very far in the snow and cold temps. So we need to take extra care to avoid being spotted on the way to our stands. Walking in the middle of fields away from the woods line might be one way to keep from being spotted. Another might be sneaking up a ditch or in a creek bottom.


Last weekend I hunted over my turnip plot. I took the long way around the top of the field and walked straight into my stand from the middle of the field. I wasn’t spotted by any deer that I know of. The deer have really been eating the turnips since the weather turned cold.




The deer have really been hammering my trunips lately.



I had this button buck come in early in the afternoon sit. He fed for quite a while from 10-20 yards in front of me. It was funny hearing him crunching on the turnips. I’ll let grow up a few more years.


This little button buck was crunching on the turnips 10 yards in front of me. He gets a free pass for few more years.


A half hour or so before dark I could see a group of does slowly making their way to the food plot. They would nibble a bit here and there then scan the woods for any danger, move a few yards closer and scan the woods some more. Forage in the leaves for anything edible and sample the air for any foreign odors. Standing in one spot for what seemed like forever looking for anything out of place. I thought they were going to follow a trail upwind of me into the plot, but they all headed downwind of me. When the first one hit my scent stream, she locked up and went on full alert. Started stomping her foot and stuck her nose as high as she could into the air. One more wiff of me and she started snorting and bounded about 75 back into the woods. Once a safe distance away she continued blowing for another 5 minutes before they all took of over the hill, flags waving. That was the end of that hunt.

Close Call With an Illinois Whitetail

by Justin Zarr 8. December 2008 12:40
Justin Zarr

For those of you who may have been following along in my blog this season, you know it's been a trying year for me.  It started off promising enough with a successful doe harvest on my third sit of the year and peaked around November 9th with one of the most exciting mornings I've ever had in the woods.  As Mike and I counted nearly a dozen bucks running around that morning, chasing does like crazy, I was feeling pretty good about my season.  Little did I know it was going to take a turn for the worse.

After we returned home to Northern Illinois from that trip, my spirits were still high and I was hoping to ambush one of the many bucks I had gotten trail camera pictures of all summer and fall.  Unfortunately for me over the course of the next month not only would I not see any of those bucks, but in over a dozen trips to stand I would only see 11 total deer, only one of which was within shooting range.  The year and a half old spike just wasn't what I was looking for, so I elected to contently watch him from my elevated perch as darkness fell on yet another Illinos bowhunt.

This is what a cold, unhappy bowhunter looks like during a frigid December bowhunt in Illinois.

With the late season upon us and rutting activity for all intents and purposes over, my focus turned once again to food sources.  I knew the deer would be concentrating on them now, and with the cold weather we've had and several inches of snow on the ground I figured now was a good time to try and capitalize on their hunger.  My plan was relatively simple - I knew the deer liked to feed in a hay field on the farm I hunt during the late season.  The past two years we've had numerous encounters with does headed to this field before dark but for some reason never any good bucks.  After analyzing the situation I figured that we were hunting too close to the field and only catching the deer who were brave enough, or dumb enough, to show themselves before dark.  The bigger bucks that we are after were probably hanging back in the woods a few hundred yards and waiting for night to fall before entering the fields.  So I hung a stand about 300-400 yards off the field, adjacent to the nearest heavy cover that we know serves as a late season bedding area.

Sunday December 7th brought temperatures in the teens with a slight South wind, which was nearly perfect for my new setup.  I snuck into my stand ever so quietly over the snow covered ground, slipped into my bibs and heavy coat at the base of my tree, climbed up and got settled for the night.  If you're like me and don't like hunting the cold because your feet get frozen quickly, I highly recommend checking out the ThermalFeet boot warmers.  I've been wearing them for the past three seasons and LOVE these things.  You put a disposable hand warmer into the pocket on the ThermalFeet cover, then slip it over the outside of your boot and they keep your toes toasty warm all night.  I hunted for nearly three hours and my toes never even came close to getting cold.  Love these things!!!  Check them out right here at, they make great stocking stuffers and we're giving away a free set of hand warmers with every purchase.

ThermalFeet - the greatest things ever when it comes to cold weather hunting!!

In any case, I got settled into my stand around 2:30 and began the wait.  Around 3:45 I spotted my first deer making its way through the woods toward my stand.  At first glance it appeared to be a doe, but after futher inspection I found it to be a young buck with 2" spikes.  Although he would quality as an antlerless deer since his antlers were under 3" long, I elected to let him walk and took some photos of him as he passed by, right through my shooting lanes as I had hoped.

This 1 1/2 year old buck made his way right by my stand, just as I had hoped.  Too bad he wasn't bigger!

Shortly after the small buck left the first of 9 does that I would spot that evening showed up directly downwind of me.  The three does were headed the opposite direction that I thought they would come, and although they could smell me and knew something was wrong they never spooked.  In fact, they hung out about 40 yards in front of my stand pretty much all night.  Later on 4 more does approached from the South and were headed towards my stand, down a path that would lead them to my right.  I grabbed my bow off the hook, clipped my release on, and waited for them to head my way. 

As fate would have it, the 4 does hung up about 18 yards behind my stand, milling around and generally just teasing me because I couldn't shoot them.  As darkness approached my hands started to grow cold so I moved my body entirely around and was able to sandwich my bow between myself and the tree, so I could put my hands in my pockets to warm them up for a minute.  About this time I heard something directly behind me in the woods.  I thought perhaps the three does that were to the North of me finally made their way into the woods so I turned my head around only to see the big 10 pointer I have been chasing all year standing only 8 yards way, in my shoting lane, broadside, feeding on some underbrush!

I couldn't believe it.  All night I had been so careful to not let any deer sneak up behind me in the snow but my preoccupation with these does had gotten the best of me and there he was, right in the open!  With my bow in my hand and my release already clipped on all I had to do was turn around to get a clear shot at him.  As I made my rotation in my stand, once again Murphy's Law struck and somehow, someway I managed to rub the cable on my treestand the wrong way which made the slightest "twang", which was enough to send my dreams of this buck's rack on my wall up in smoke.  The 3 1/2 year old buck looked straight up at me, skylined against the sky, bobbed his head once to get a better angle, and headed back the way he had come with another buck in tow.

The buck that got away - I call this guy "The Sheriff".  Much like the Sherrif of Nottingham was Robin Hood's arch nemesis, he is now mine! By the way - this photo was taken about 80 yards from where I had my encounter with this buck.  It was taken shortly after darkness fell, which lead me to belive the buck was bedding nearby and exiting the safety of his bedroom after dark.  I hoped the cold weather would bring him out during daylight, which it did.  I just couldn't capitalize on his mistake.

My spirits sunk and I seriously was about 1/2 second away from tossing my bow right out of the tree and calling it quits for the year.  I had let my guard down for a minute to worry about shooting a doe, and the one buck I had set out for that night got close enough to me that I could've spit on his back, all without me knowing it.  Even as I type this my bowhunting heart breaks just thinking about it.  So close!

The view from my stand in the direction the buck approached.  As you can see, I can see for quite a ways which means he was probably there for quite awhile without me ever realizing it!!  When I finally saw the buck he was at the very bottom of this photo, in the small clearing in front of the tree you can see I had cut down two weeks earlier.  That close!!

So with all of that said, despite my awful season persistance finally paid off with a great night in stand and an encounter with a buck that I will no doubt continue to hunt for this year, and into next year if I have to.  Unfortunately I have some committments during January that are going to keep me out of the woods after the New Year which means I have exactly three weekends left to seal the deal on a buck or it's tag soup for this guy!  This coming weekend I'll be heading back down to our lease in Brown County to try and connect on one of the bucks I saw during our November trip, then I'll be home for a weekend before one last ditch effort after Christmas back at the lease.  I'm pretty much done relying on luck at this point, since I apparently have none of it!  So it's going to be some good old-fashioned scouting and deer hunting know-how that's going to get it done for me if I'm going to be successful.  Screw luck anyways!

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